Interdisciplinary Teaching

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Knowledge and learning do not happen in isolation, and are not confined by traditional subjects- they are supported and enriched by each of them. Thus, as it is commonly expressed, the idea of transdisciplinary essentially means connecting all the disciplines by a unifying issue or topic of inquiry, and going beyond all the disciplines through their links and relationships.

According to Greenwich Public Schools, the transdisciplinary approach promotes depth of understanding as well as adaptability to skills needed to allow students to solve real world problems, and to allow them to authentically create and build their own ideas. As a learner, visiting the Alhambra in Granada, Spain, was one of my strongest transdisciplinary experiences, and an example of what I am trying to explain.

I remember being at The Alhambra, listening to the tour guide’s explanation about the spiritual nature of mathematics. While I was busy and fascinated wondering ‘how many symmetries do these walls have?’, I could not help but wonder whether I had the language to classify and talk about the symmetries of the walls; and with tiny artist kicks, a third question emerged: ‘can different processes of transformation be applied to an object without changing its appearance?’ “The beauty of the Alhambra, the tour guide said, lies in the fact that we do not have individual shapes: the walls are hosting a dance of patterns repeating on a plan.” The Alhambra, built in the XIII and XIV centuries, is a symbol of the Arab conquest in Spain, an extraordinary piece of Muslim art that depicts how Muslims have abstained from painting figures of people and animals believing that the depiction of images can lead to idolatry, so they channel their artistic energy into the creation of beautiful and complex tile patterns. Remembering this experience always makes me think how the statement ‘when something is true mathematically, it is true forever’ would be a great central idea/statement of inquiry.

           [Mathematics, language, art, history]

In moments like this, Oscar Wilde’s words are perfect: “I can resist everything except [temptation] an opportunity for learning ”. Thus, every time that I confront the need of planning learning experiences, I think at how many connections the contexts I have chosen allows students to make. I like to ponder how may skills from multiple subjects they can employ. I enjoy thinking about how using the language as a forum and opportunity to use what they know to communicate ideas enhances the relationships we all can have in the classroom. I try hard to think how reaching out to other subjects to use their particular skills and information will help them express their ideas clearly. This is important for me as a language teacher, because, for language learners, there is nothing worse than feeling they do not have any ideas at all, and if I encourage students to dig into what they have learned in other subjects they will always have something to say.

Below I collect and curate a series of resources for transdisciplinary teaching and learning.

Interdisciplinary Resources:

The Growing Need for Interdisciplinary Curriculum Content (excerpts from the Hedi Hayes Jacobs book).

Interdisciplinary Teaching by Heather Coffey (LearnNC – Learning Materials).

Overview: Integrated Curriculum (ASCD Handbook)

Facing the Future – Critical Thinking, Global Perspective and Informed Action.

Interdisciplinary Learning in your Classroom (from ThirteenED online – w/guest writer Heidi Hayes Jacobs).



When sharing TOK resources with other IB Educators, most of the time we frame the purpose and value of the resource by mentioning what can aspects of TOK (AOK, WOK, etc) are addressed in it. Seldom have I engaged in a pedagogical exchange in which  the source being discussed is regarded as a piece of literacy and as an opportunity to analyse text and content conventions.

I have become fond of inviting students to observe ‘how the author used [X] as an AoK or WoK to present specific ideas‘. This approach has helped me model the way we would like our students to make of of AoK or WoK in their TOK Presentation or TOK Essay.  What is more, this routine has become such an integral part of my teaching (Language B) that students have shared that they have began to use this approach in other subjects, and it works!!!

Below are a few tasks in which I explicitly integrate TOK practices into my tasks and teaching.

Literacy. Using and Responding to Texts.

Response to _Interpreter of Maladies_

The Problem of Production Paper 1 Practice

Story of your Life TOK debate

Explicitly using aspects of TOK in tasks like these provides students with the opportunity to discuss how effectively are the statements about the use of WoK or AoK.  Moreover, I have observed how by doing this, some of the sources I use  may ‘tempt’ to inquire more into the topic.

Using Film in TOK Explorations

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This except of “Dreams” by Akira Kurosawa has always being a good starter to inquiry into the extent to which Kurosawa may have used his knowledge of Van Gogh’s art, and several WoK to produce this part of the movie.

Museum Visits

Visiting specific Art exhibits in Museums in an underestimated experience. I personally find museums to be quite inspirational for my teaching. Not only are the resources/ideas, in front of us, but also an explanation and a curated experience to help us understand how the artists used other AOK in their art.

The link below shows a flier from an Art exhibit I attended in Riga, Latvia, in which (I think) the curator  explicitly addressed sense perception and language in the curation process and, as a result, invited viewers to use them while appreciating the art.

Illusion as Reality – Museum Experience